Essential Git features for beginner

For a beginner learning Git, the most crucial features to understand are:

  1. Repositories: A Git repository is a collection of files and their history, stored in a directory on your computer. This is the fundamental unit of organization in Git, and it is where you will track and manage your project’s files and changes.
  2. Commits: A commit is a snapshot of your repository at a particular point in time. When you make changes to your files, you stage those changes and then create a commit to save them to your repository’s history. This allows you to track and revert changes, and it also makes it possible to collaborate with others on a project.
  3. Branches: A branch is a separate line of development in a Git repository. By default, Git creates a master branch when you create a repository, but you can also create additional branches for experimenting with new ideas or working on different features. You can switch between branches to manage your project’s development, and you can merge branches to combine their changes.
  4. Pull requests: When you are working on a project with other people, you can use pull requests to review and merge changes from other branches into your own. This allows you to collaborate on a project and manage changes in a structured way.

Here is a list of the most crucial features for a beginner to learn about Git, with a sublist of related workflows and commands for each feature:

  • Repositories:
    • Workflows:
      • Initialize a new repository: git init
      • Clone an existing repository: git clone
      • View the status of your repository: git status
    • Commands:
      • git init: Initialize a new Git repository.
      • git clone: Clone an existing Git repository.
      • git status: View the status of your repository.
  • Commits:
    • Workflows:
      • Stage changes: git add
      • Create a commit: git commit
      • View the history of your repository: git log
    • Commands:
      • git add: Stage changes to be included in the next commit.
      • git commit: Create a new commit with your staged changes.
      • git log: View the history of your repository.
  • Branches:
    • Workflows:
      • Create a new branch: git branch
      • Switch between branches: git checkout
      • Merge branches: git merge
    • Commands:
      • git branch: Create a new branch.
      • git checkout: Switch between branches.
      • git merge: Merge changes from one branch into another.
  • Pull requests:
    • Workflows:
      • Create a pull request: git request-pull
      • Review and merge a pull request: git merge
    • Commands:
      • git request-pull: Create a pull request to request that changes from one branch be merged into another.
      • git merge: Merge changes from one branch into another.

Overall, these are the most crucial features for a beginner to learn about Git, along with the related workflows and commands that you will need to use to manage and track your project’s files and changes.